Research and Publications

Read the latest research and thinking about encore


National service for encore-stage adults is a robust (and replenishing) human resource that can improve lives, communities and society, according to Shirley Sagawa and John Bridgeland, Service Year Alliance President/CEO and Vice-Chairman, respectively.

Read their full report, “An Encore of Service: Experienced Americans Helping Vulnerable Youth.”

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To better understand how Encore Fellows deliver impact in the organizations in which they serve (usually 1000 hours over a one-year period in stipended roles to improve organizational capacity, Jacquelyn James, Co-director of the Center on Aging & Work at Boston College, interviewed fellows, executive directors and other key staff at three organizations across the U.S. that worked on issues advancing the needs of children and youth. The study highlights commonalities among these three organizations in how both

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The Encore Talent Impact Project: A Study of Encore Talent at Work

In 2015 and six study partners surveyed nonprofit organizations that had used people in encore roles and asked about the kinds of impact they had observed and the personal characteristics of the individuals that might have contributed to that impact. The results – from volunteers to stipended roles, people in encores deliver unexpected types of impact across the board.

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After the Recovery: Help Needed; The Coming Labor Shortage and How People in Encore Careers Can Help Solve It

As surprising as it sounds, 2010 research from MetLife Foundation and projected there would be more jobs than people to fill them by 2018. This report asserts that engaging workers over 55 in encore careers will be vital to meeting workforce shortages and critical social needs.

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Encore Opportunity Awards of 2009: Tapping the Passion and Experience of Workers over 50

This report tells the stories of the winners of the 2009 Encore Opportunity Award (formerly the BreakThrough Award), which honors organizations making it easier for experienced workers to transition into encore careers.

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Tapping Encore Talent

This 2008 survey of nonprofit employers, sponsored by MetLife Foundation and (formerly Civic Ventures), found that seven out of 10 nonprofit employers rated the experience that encore workers bring to the job as a significant benefit.

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2007 BreakThrough Award: Showcasing Organizations That Tap the Passion and Experience of People Over 50 to Improve Society

This report profiles the winners of the 2007 BreakThrough Award, sponsored by MetLife Foundation and, which recognizes nonprofit and public sector organizations providing meaningful public interest jobs for people over 50. (In 2009, the award became known as the Encore Opportunity Awards.)

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Boomers Are Ready for Nonprofits, But Are Nonprofits Ready for Them?

This Conference Board report, sponsored by, focuses on the impact boomer retirements will have on the stability, growth and potential of the nonprofit sector. Nonprofits that understand the needs and value of experienced employees will be more successful in tapping into this talent source.

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